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Impact of family income and size on per capita solid waste generation: A case study in Manmunai North Divisional Secretariat Division of Batticaloa

Authors:

K. Sivakumar ,

Department of Agricultural Engineering, Eastern University, LK
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M. Sugirtharan

Department of Agricultural Engineering, Eastern University, LK
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Abstract

The generation of solid waste has become an increasing environmental and public health problem everywhere in the world, especially in developing countries. The rate of generation of solid waste in the society is increasing with an increase of population, technological development, and the changes in the life styles of the people. As family size and income are the most significant factors affecting the quantity of solid waste from household consumption, a study on the relationship among these is vital in the decision making on waste management strategies.  Therefore, a study was conducted at Manmunai North Divisional Secretariat areas of Batticaloa district to find out the correlation among residential solid waste generation, family size and income. The household sector is one of the primary sources of solid wastes in the study area. This study covered 100 houses with different socioeconomic levels such as income level and family size. There were six components of solid waste; food waste, paper, polyethylene, plastic, glass and metal which were evaluated in this study.

Present study revealed that residential solid waste generation showed non-significant positive correlation (r = 0.184, p>0.05) with monthly income whereas significant positive correlation (r = 0.476, p<0.01) was found with the family size. Based on monthly income, generation of food, paper, plastic and glass waste showed non-significant positive correlation while non-significant negative correlation was found with polyethylene waste.  Further, residential waste generation such as food, paper, plastic and metal showed significant positive correlation with family size whereas generation of glass and polyethylene waste showed non-significant positive correlation with family size.

Keywords: Family size, Food waste, Income level, Plastics, Solid waste

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/josuk.v5i0.4087

J Sci.Univ.Kelaniya 5 (2010): 13-23

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/josuk.v5i0.4087
How to Cite: Sivakumar, K. & Sugirtharan, M., (2012). Impact of family income and size on per capita solid waste generation: A case study in Manmunai North Divisional Secretariat Division of Batticaloa. Journal of Science of the University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka. 5, pp.13–23. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/josuk.v5i0.4087
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Published on 14 Feb 2012.
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