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Efficacy of essential oils from bark and leaf of Cinnamomum zeylanicum on root knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola in rice seedlings and young rice plants

Authors:

L.D. Amarasinghe ,

Department of Zoology, University of Kelaniya, LK
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W.K.A.G.A. Wijesinghe,

Department of Zoology, University of Kelaniya, LK
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B. K. Jayawardhane

Department of Chemistry, University of Kelaniya, LK
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Abstract

The present study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of essential oils from leaf and bark of cinnamon, Cinnamomum zeylanicum in controlling Meloidogyne graminicola and their effects on rice seedlings and young rice plants. This study was done; to determine the LC50 of essential oils of the extracts of cinnamon leaf and bark to kill 50% of second stage juveniles (J2) of Meloidogyne graminicola in rice root galls; to determine the efficacy of essential oils of cinnamon; in controlling J2 in rice seedlings and young rice plants; and on the growth of rice plants.

Cinnamon bark oil sample used in the current study contained about 72% cinnamaldehyde and the leaf sample contained about 86% eugenol. LC50 for cinnamon leaf oil and cinnamon bark oil for killing 50% of juveniles of M. graminicola in rice root galls after three days of the treatment was 0.326 ppm and 0.454 ppm respectively. Number of galls in the root system of nematode infested rice seedlings was significantly reduced when they were treated with 0.9 ppm of cinnamon leaf oil and bark oil compared to untreated controls. However, the nematicidal activity between the cinnamon leaf oil and bark oil was not significantly different. The root gall index of infested young rice plants was significantly lowered when they were treated with either cinnamon leaf oil or bark oil compared to untreated controls. It was revealed that the mean plant height and the mean number of roots of essential oil treated plants were positively correlated with the number of root galls whereas, the number of dead plants and the mean percentage chlorosis were negatively correlated. Nevertheless, the mean root length did not show any significant correlation with number of root galls. This study concludes that essential oils of cinnamon leaf which contained 86% eugenol and bark which contained 72% cinnamaldehyde are similarly effective in suppression of M. graminicola in rice seedlings and young rice plants. According to the rates of application of essential oils of cinnamon leaf and bark, none of them have significant negative effect on the plant growth. Hence, they can be used as an alternative nematicide against the rice root knot nematode, M. graminicola in early stage of rice plants.

Keywords: Cinnamomum zeylanicum; essential oils; Meloidogyne graminicola;Oryza sativa

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4038/josuk.v6i0.4220

J Sci.Univ.Kelaniya 6 (2011) : 45-54

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/josuk.v6i0.4220
How to Cite: Amarasinghe, L.D., Wijesinghe, W.K.A.G.A. & Jayawardhane, B.K., (2012). Efficacy of essential oils from bark and leaf of Cinnamomum zeylanicum on root knot nematode, Meloidogyne graminicola in rice seedlings and young rice plants. Journal of Science of the University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka. 6, pp.45–54. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/josuk.v6i0.4220
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Published on 27 Mar 2012.
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