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Intraspecific Variation of Flueggea leucopyrus Willd. Grown in Sri Lanka and Establishing a Suitable Propagation System

Authors:

A.I.S. Priyadarshan,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About A.I.S.
Department of Botany, University of Kelaniya
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S.P. Senanayake ,

University of Kelaniya, LK
About S.P.
Department of Botany, University of Kelaniya
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M.P. Jayatilleke,

Western College of Idaho, US
About M.P.
Department of Science, Technology and Engineering, Western College of Idaho
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S. Rajapakse

University of Peradeniya, LK
About S.
Department of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, University of Peradeniya
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Abstract

Flueggea leucopyrus belongs to family Phyllanthaceae, commonly known as ‘Katupila’or ‘Heen katupila’ and has become increasingly popular as an ingredient in several traditional therapeutic systems in Sri Lanka as well as in other Asian countries. A questionnaire survey was carried out using a hundred population sample to determine the awareness of the distribution and therapeutic uses of F. leucopyrus in Sri Lanka as a preliminary survey. The aims of the present study were to interpret the phenetic variation and determine the variation of phenolic composition in leaf extracts of F. leucopyrus in different climatic zones in Sri Lanka and to develop a suitable propagation system for F. leucopyrus. Eleven floral and vegetative characters of F. leucopyrus were observed and cluster analysis was carried out to infer phenetic relationships among populations collected from localities, Colombo, Kurunegala, Puttalam and Hambanthota, .representing different climatic zones. Medicinal value of most of plants lies in phytochemicals such as phenolics, flavonoids and anthocyanidins. Thus, leaf samples were extracted into ether, and ether extracts were used to isolate phenolic compounds using 2-Dimensional paper chromatography in solvent systems, butanol: acetic acid: water; 6:7:3 and sodium formate: formic acid: water; 10:1:200. Colors of the spots were observed under UV (366nm), and Rf values were calculated. Intra specific variations were observed in the distribution of phenolics in leaves and phenetic characters of F. leucopyrus with respect to their habitats in different climatic zones. Due to low seed production in F. leucopyrus, stem cuttings (Semi-hardwood, hardwood and softwood) in three different potting media were used to evaluate the successfulness in propagation. Semi hardwood and hardwood cuttings of F. leucopyrus were well established within a period of one week in sand potting medium while softwood cutting has not responded in any of the media during the period. Medium with only coir dust was also not successful in establishing the cuttings.

 J. Sci. Univ. Kelaniya 9 (2014): 15-25

DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/josuk.v9i0.6768
How to Cite: Priyadarshan, A.I.S. et al., (2015). Intraspecific Variation of Flueggea leucopyrus Willd. Grown in Sri Lanka and Establishing a Suitable Propagation System. Journal of Science of the University of Kelaniya Sri Lanka. 9, pp.15–25. DOI: http://doi.org/10.4038/josuk.v9i0.6768
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Published on 09 Jul 2015.
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